Techniques Used in ACT ACT therapists are active and engaged in sessions. Defusion Looking at thoughts, rather than from thoughts Noticing thoughts, rather than being caught up in thoughts Seeing thoughts as what they are, not as what they seem to be Aim of Defusion is NOT to feel better, nor to get rid of unwanted thoughts Aim of Defusion IS to reduce influence of unhelpful cognitive processes upon behaviour; to Clarifying your Values 38-39 . Cognitive Defusion Labelling Thoughts The Mind is a Reason Giver Walking in the Street Fact vs Thought Defusion and the Survival Response Radio Station Metaphor What are Thoughts? Self Help … defusion techniques such as the repetition of the disturbing thought (Masuda et al., 2004; 2010) or the distancing defusion exercise “I am having the thought that” (Healy et al., 2008). Standing on the station platform, sometimes we are advised to stand back as an express train will be passing through at speed. An old, worn thought. The aim of this form of defusion is to alter the stimulus functions of the target thought by directly altering the context where it … Greet them as different guests in the guest-house (as in the Rumi poem), or as different characters on a stage, or as different guests on a cruise-ship. Abstract . Self as Context. Defusion is theprocess of creating non-literal contexts in which language can be seen as an active, ongoing, and relational process that is historical in nature and present in the current context. But it is well worth it; we all compare, judge, and have negative thoughts about ourselves—it’s normal—and defusion helps us set those thoughts aside and focus on what’s important. Thought defusion is a term borrowed from acceptance-commitment therapy. Defusion and Acceptance Exercises 7 Defusion exercises Use whichever exercise gets the best results for you. ), Empirically supported techniques of cognitive behavior therapy: A step by step guide for clinicians. DEFUSING TECHNIQUES. Defusion is an intentional decision/process. You can change it in any way that makes it more useful to you, and it might spark different ideas you'd like to try. Cognitive Defusion fosters awareness, regulation, and flexibility. Overcoming FEAR – 1 42 . Figure 7.1 Summary of Defusion Techniques SECONDARY GAINS When this thought shows up, if you take it at face value/go along with it/let it tell you what to do, what feelings, thoughts, or situations might it help you avoid or escape from (in the short run)? One final thought about defusion. Cognitive defusion is the technique of becoming untangled from our thoughts. For example, if buying into the thought about presenting at a professional conference causes you to avoid professional presentations, then simply observing the thought gives you the space to make a different choice. Clients continue to move forward on goals that are in line with their values and learn to take action on these goals in spite of sometimes having negative (and normal!) Defusion provides a powerful way to deal effectively with painful, unhelpful or self-defeating thoughts and beliefs.” (p.178). Rather to make it feel less important when it appears. "Just defuse" doesn't work because that alone either doesn't make sense or doesn't work. Notice different aspects of you arising, different patterns of thought and feeling, different selves. Thought–action fusion An important cognitive process in OCD is the way thoughts or images become fused with reality. Write it down here: Now, imagine a context in which those same words would not be something you had to believe or disbelieve, but would be only something you would notice. This process is called ‘thought–action fusion’ or ‘magical thinking’ (Rachman, 1993). In W. T. O’Donohue, J. E. Fisher, & S. C. Hayes (Eds. In Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), the term cognitive defusion refers to ways in which we can begin to take a step back from the content of our thinking and notice the process. Cognitive defusion. of defusion, mindfulness, and acceptance into their daily lives. Cognitive defusion and self-relevant negative thoughts: examining the impact of a ninety year old technique . Various “cognitive defusion” techniques teach patients to see the “bad thought as a thought, no more, no less” (Hayes et al., 1999, p. 20) and to refrain from trying to change thought content or responding to dysfunctional thoughts with experiential avoidance. Write it down here: Next, try and distill the negative sentence into a word that captures the essence of this thought: Practice saying this one word for … Importantly, this does not mean the thought disappears. Psychotherapies for anxiety help people address these thoughts in different ways. thoughts or feelings. 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