Duck-Billed Dinosaur Pictures and Profiles, Titanosaur Dinosaur Pictures and Profiles, Prosauropod Dinosaur Pictures and Profiles, 10 Famous Horned Dinosaurs That Weren't Triceratops. Most experts believe this dinosaur was actually a juvenile of a similar ceratopsian of late Cretaceous Mongolia, Bagaceratops, and it may even conceivably have been a species of Protoceratops. Liaoceratops (Greek for "Liao horned face"); pronounced LEE-ow-SEH-rah-tops, Early Cretaceous (130-125 million years ago), Small size; small frill on head; possible bipedal posture. This herbivore had a single, rhino-like horn projecting from the top of its snout, as well as a pair of steer-like horns jutting out sideways from the top of its eyes. The "Medusa" part of this dinosaur's name, after the ancient Greek monster with snakes instead of hair, refers to the strange, bony, snake-like growths around Medusaceratops' frill. This herbivore had options. Voluminous evidence has come forward of early Cretaceous and even late Jurassic ceratopsian precursors, a notable example of which is Liaoceratops. How did Leptoceratops manage to be such a throwback to the distant progenitors of the ceratopsian family, tiny, dog-sized creatures like Psittacosaurus and Archaeoceratops that lived millions of years earlier? Fossil hunter Nicholas Longrich certainly had his mojo on when he diagnosed this new ceratopsian dinosaur based on a skull he found in storage at the American Museum of Natural History in New York (along with other partial skulls residing in Canadian museums). A "centrosaurine" ceratopsian, so characterized because of its short frill, Sinoceratops was endowed with a single nasal horn, and its frill was decorated with various knobs and "hornlets." However it winds up being classified, Rubeosaurus was a distinctive-looking ceratopsian of late Cretaceous North America, with its long nose horn and (especially) the two long, converging spikes set atop its voluminous frill. One of a group of ceratopsian dinosaurs announced in 2010, Medusaceratops looked like a cross between a Triceratops and a Centrosaurus. Numerous bones of this horned dinosaur have been unearthed in Montana's Two Medicine Formation, but it's still not clear if this ceratopsian merits its own genus. The name Kosmoceratops is Greek for "ornate horned face," and that's a fitting description of this ceratopsian. The fragmented bones of Spinops were interred for nearly 100 years before a team of paleontologists finally got around to examining them; the "type fossil" of this dinosaur was discovered in 1916, in Canada, by the famous paleontologist Charles Sternberg. For most people this is‭ ‘‬the‭’ ‬ceratopsian dinosaur of choice,‭ ‬and the one that is by far … After examining an unusually large Pentaceratops noggin on display at the Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, Yale's Nicholas Longrich determined that this fossil should actually be attributed to a brand-new ceratopsian genus, Titanoceratops. Assuming its genus classification is widely accepted, the appropriately named Titanoceratops would have been one of the largest ceratopsians, potentially reaching lengths of 25 feet from head to tail and weights in the neighborhood of five tons. Name. From its name, you might think Torosaurus was named after a bull ("toro" in Spanish), but the truth is a bit less exciting. That makes Pentaceratops' head even longer than that of the closely related Triceratops and presumably just as deadly when wielded in combat. This would mean that the genus dates to 75 million years ago, about 5 million years before better-known ceratopsians in this family like Triceratops, Chasmosaurus, and Centrosaurus. The head of the elephant-sized ceratopsian Kosmoceratops was decorated with 15 horns and horn-like structures, including a pair of large horns above the eyes vaguely resembling those of a bull. This description relates to the dinosaur's "neural spines" jutting up from its tail, which would have helped propel this 25-pound ceratopsian through the water. Jul 22, 2019 - Explore Joshkilby's board "Horned Dinosaurs" on Pinterest. This "five-horned face" really had only three horns, and the third horn (on the end of its snout) wasn't much to write home about. A close relative of the roughly contemporary Leptoceratops -with which it's technically grouped as a "leptoceratopsian," Zhuchengceratops was a modestly scaled herbivore characterized by its unusually muscular jaws (a hint that it subsisted on particularly tough vegetation.) Still, this dinosaur possessed one of the biggest heads (in relation to its size) of any animal that ever lived. Xuanhaceratops (Greek for "Xuanhua horned face"); pronounced ZHWAN-ha-SEH-rah-tops, Late Jurassic (160-150 million years ago), Small size; beaked snout; bipedal posture. One proposed identity for this dinosaur is Microceratus, as it is also small, bipedal, and seems to have a small, frill-like structure on its head. Members of the This small mixup aside, Arrhinoceratops was very much like other ceratopsians of the late Cretaceous period, a four-footed, elephant-sized herbivore that likely used its long horns to battle other males for the right to mate. Not to be confused with Tatankacephalus—an armored dinosaur, also named after the modern buffalo, that lived tens of millions of years earlier—Tatankaceratops was diagnosed on the basis of a single, partial skull discovered in South Dakota. A case in point is Albertaceratops, which is represented by a single complete skull discovered in Alberta, Canada in 2001. Although it's by far the best known, Triceratops was far from the only ceratopsian (horned, frilled dinosaur) of the Mesozoic Era. Asilisaurus and the Origin of Dinosaurs. One such smaller dinosaur was Bagaceratops, which only measured about three feet long from snout to tail and weighed just 50 pounds. Although it's by far the best known, Triceratops was far from the only ceratopsian (horned, frilled dinosaur) of the Mesozoic Era. The "toro" in this case means "perforated" or "pierced," referring to the large holes in this herbivore's skull, beneath its enormous frill. Pachyrhinosaurus ("thick-nosed lizard") was a close relative of Triceratops that had an unusually thick nose, probably an evolutionary adaptation by which males could butt each other (without killing themselves) for the attention of females. Tatankaceratops (Greek for "buffalo horned face"); pronounced tah-TANK-ah-SEH-rah-tops, Moderate size; quadrupedal posture; horns and frill. The oddest thing about this dinosaur, though, is that it may have walked occasionally on two legs, like the smaller ceratopsians that preceded it by millions of years. What set this genus apart from more famous relatives like Triceratops were the paired, forward-curving horns set above its eyes, which reached a whopping four feet in length; in fact, Coahuilaceratops is the longest-horned dinosaur yet discovered. On the other hand, the frill of Nasutoceratops was nothing special, lacking the elaborate notches, ridges, fringes, and decorations of other ceratopsians. Most alarmingly, the skull of Utahceratops was huge—about seven feet long—which has prompted one paleontologist to describe this dinosaur as "a giant rhino with a ridiculously supersized head.". Triceratops is a genus of herbivorous ceratopsid dinosaur that first appeared during the late Maastrichtian stage of the late Cretaceous period, about 68 million years ago (mya) in what is now North America.It is one of the last-known non-avian dinosaur genera, and became extinct in the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event 66 million years ago. The smallest ceratopsian yet discovered in North America (it was dug up very close to Canada's Dinosaur Provincial Park), Gryphoceratops was closely related to the equally "basal" Leptoceratops. The prevailing theory is that this dinosaur (or more likely one of its ancestors) crossed the Bering land bridge from Alaska to Siberia; perhaps, if the K/T Extinction hadn't intervened, Asia might have fully replenished its stock of ceratopsians. Auroraceratops (Greek for "dawn horned face"); pronounced ore-ORE-ah-SEH-rah-tops, About 20 feet long and 1,000-2,000 pounds. A new species of horned ceratopsid dinosaur, Wendiceratops, has been discovered in Alberta, Canada, and it provides clues about the evolution about horns in dinosaurs and more. The most notable thing about this dinosaur is its name: it was discovered near Canada's Dinosaur Provincial Park, a World Heritage site administered by UNESCO (The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). Most of the ceratopsians ("horned faces") of the late Cretaceous period were gigantic, multi-ton earth-shakers like Triceratops, but millions of years earlier, in the eastern regions of Asia, these dinosaurs were much more petite. It remains a possibility that Achelousaurus was actually a growth stage of either Pachyrhinosaurus or Einiosaurus (or vice-versa), much as specimens of Torosaurus may actually have been superannuated Triceratops individuals. Shringasaurus is known from the Denwa Formation in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Medusaceratops (Greek for "Medusa horned face"); pronounced meh-DOO-sah-SEH-rah-tops, Large head with elaborate frill; two horns on forehead. Indeed, anyone with a serious interest in dinosaurs will want to own a copy of this fine volume." Most likely, Styracosaurus males with more elaborate frills were more attractive to the females of the genus. Vagaceratops was characterized by its short nasal horn and broad, flat, relatively unadorned frill, which is somewhat odd since Kosmoceratops possessed the most ornate frill of any identified ceratopsian. Animantarx. They may have utilizedfermentation to break down plant material with a gut microflora.Mallon et al. The famous paleontologist Barnum Brown didn't know quite what to make of Montanoceratops when he unearthed its remains in Montana in 1916; it took him almost 20 years for him to get around to describing the type fossil, which he assigned to another basal ceratopsian, Leptoceratops. Vagaceratops (Greek for "wandering horned face"); pronounced VAY-gah-SEH-rah-tops. The central Asian Udanoceratops was a one-ton contemporary of Protoceratops (meaning it was likely immune from the Velociraptor attacks that plagued its more famous relative). A curious exception to this rule is the ceratopsians (horned, frilled dinosaurs), which have yielded extensive fossil remains in North America but virtually nothing in China dating to the last half of the Cretaceous period. Hongshanosaurus was very similar to Psittacosaurus without actually being a species of Psittacosaurus: this early Cretaceous ceratopsian (horned, frilled dinosaur) was distinguished from its more famous contemporary only by the distinctive shape of its skull. For all intents and purposes, Albertaceratops wasn't much different from other horned, frilled dinosaurs of the late Cretaceous period, with the exception of its unusually long brow horns combined with a Centrosaurus-like skull. This year has been quite productive for dinosaur-hunters, and probably the most spectacular fossils found recently belong to the group of ceratopsians, the horned dinosaurs. Titanosaurus This titanic herbivore may--or may not--have been a unique member of its genus. Barnum himself concluded that this dinosaur was intermediate between Triceratops and the relatively obscure Monoclonius, but more recent analyses have placed it (somewhat surprisingly) closer to Chasmosaurus and another lesser known ceratopsian, Arrhinoceratops. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Meet the Horned, Frilled Dinosaurs of the Mesozoic Era. Some of the other interesting dinosaurs in this list include the tiny Pravicursor, the four-winged Microraptor, and the Parasaurolophus which is thought to be the loudest of all dinosaurs. Oddly enough, though, Xenoceratops already possessed a fairly elaborate, horn-studded frill, an indication that ceratopsians developed these distinctive features earlier than was once thought. Interestingly, the "type specimen" of Eotriceratops bears bite marks above the left eye, perhaps remnants of an encounter with a hungry Tyrannosaurus Rex. Both of these ceratopsians (horned, frilled dinosaurs) were small, slender, unobtrusive plant-eaters with minimal frills, a far cry from "classic" members of the breed like Triceratops and Pentaceratops. As with other dinosaurs, Nasutoceratops likely evolved its facial characteristics as a means of intra-species recognition and sexual differentiation—(that is, males with bigger noses and straighter horns were more attractive to females. Fact Sheet: Major Points of the Paper (1) Two remarkable new horned dinosaurs, Utahceratops and Kosmoceratops, have been discovered in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, southern Utah. The name Achelousaurus refers both to this dinosaur's supposedly "missing" horns and its weird, shape-shifting mix of frills and bony knobs, compared to its fellow ceratopsians. Released in 1993, Steven Spielberg's adaptation of Michael Crichton's best-selling sci-fi novel Jurassic Park not only brought dinosaurs to life in live-action with heretofore-unseen realism, it also showed how they could be both terrifying and majestic, often at the same time. Yinlong's claim to fame is that it's the oldest ceratopsian dinosaur yet identified, a tiny, late Jurassic precursor of much bigger horned dinosaurs of the late Cretaceous period like Triceratops and Centrosaurus. The length and shape of these appendages suggest that males of the genus may have literally "locked horns" when competing for females, much as big-horned sheep do today. Albalophosaurus (Greek for "white-crested lizard"); pronounced AL-bah-LOW-foe-SORE-us, Early Cretaceous (140-130 million years ago), Small size; bipedal posture; thickened skull. Eight years of analysis and preparation have yielded what may (or may not) be a ceratopsian "missing link": Diabloceratops seems to have evolved from the smaller horned dinosaurs of the early Cretaceous period, yet it predated more advanced genera like Centrosaurus and Triceratops by millions of years. A few years later, another naturalist, Charles M. Sternberg, reexamined the bones and erected the new genus Montanoceratops. Arrhinoceratops (Greek for "no-nose horned face"); pronounced AY-rye-no-SEH-rah-tops, Late Cretaceous (70-65 million years ago). Explore pictures and detailed profiles of over 60 ceratopsian dinosaurs, ranging from A (Achelousaurus) to Z (Zuniceratops). This ceratopsian belonged to the same family as bigger, more florid dinosaurs like Triceratops and Styracosaurus, but its facial ornamentation was on the minimal side (only a short frill and a curved lower jaw), and overall it was significantly smaller, only about six feet long and 200 pounds. Meet the Parasaurolophus, a horned dinosaur that walked on two legs, but also walked on all fours. The important thing about Montanoceratops is that it was a relatively small, "primitive" ceratopsian that shared its habitat with more advanced forms like Centrosaurus and Styracosaurus. Bob Strauss is a science writer and the author of several books, including "The Big Book of What, How and Why" and "A Field Guide to the Dinosaurs of North America. (2013) examined herbivore coexistence on the island continent ofLaramidia, during the Late Creta… Nasutoceratops (Greek for "big-nosed horned face"); pronounced nah-SOO-toe-SEH-rah-tops. Centrosaurus is the classic example of what paleontologists refer to as "centrosaurine" ceratopsians, that is, plant-eating dinosaurs possessing large nasal horns and relatively short frills. Numerous fossil specimens of this dinosaur have been discovered in eastern Asia, pointing to its gregarious, herding nature. Gryphoceratops, which measured a bare two feet from head to tail, didn't boast any of the elaborate ornamentations of its larger, more famous cousins. Triceratops had one of the most unmistakable skulls of any creature that ever lived. Pachyrhinosaurus was one of the few late Cretaceous ceratopsians to lack a horn on its snout; all it had were two small, ornamental horns on either side of its enormous frill. In late Cretaceous central Asia, the pig-sized Protoceratops seems to have filled roughly the same evolutionary niche as the modern wildebeest—a common, relatively easy-to-kill source of food for hungry carnivorous dinosaurs. As a general rule, the dinosaurs of late Cretaceous North America, especially hadrosaurs and tyrannosaurs, had (often larger) counterparts in eastern Asia. Recently, though, much more compelling evidence has been adduced for another swimming dinosaur, the much bigger (and much fiercer) Spinosaurus. —PalArch's Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 7(3), 2010 (PalArch's Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 2010-01-00) Dating to the early Cretaceous period, about 125 million years ago, Auroraceratops resembled a larger version of small, "basal" ceratopsians like Psittacosaurus and Archaeoceratops, with a minimal frill and the barest beginnings of a nasal horn. More remarkably, until the recent discovery of Ajkaceratops, the only known Eurasian ceratopsians hailed from the eastern part of the continent (one of the westernmost examples being Protoceratops, from what is now present-day Mongolia). Reading Is Fundamental 750 First Street, NE Suite 920 Washington, DC 20002 1 (877) RIF-READ Triceratops Ceratopsians spanned the expanse of North America and Eurasia during the Cretaceous period, so the recent discovery of Koreaceratops in South Korea (the first ceratopsian ever to be unearthed in this country) should come as no surprise. Not much is known about how this small, herbivorous dinosaur lived, but it seems to have been related to another early ceratopsian of central Asia, Bagaceratops, and eventually gave rise to the giant ceratopsians of North America. Although Cerasinops was nowhere near as small as "basal" ceratopsians like Psittacosaurus that preceded it by tens of millions of years, it had many anatomical characteristics in common with these early plant-eaters, including an unobtrusive frill, a prominent beak and, possibly, a bipedal posture. That's why the announcement of Sinoceratops in 2010 was such big news: for the first time, paleontologists had unearthed a full-sized, late Cretaceous, Asian ceratopsian that could have given Triceratops a run for its money. Udanoceratops (Greek for "Udan horned face"); pronounced OO-dan-oh-SEH-rah-tops, Blunt head with horned beak; possible bipedal posture. Montanoceratops (Greek for "Montana horned face"); pronounced mon-TAN-oh-SEH-rah-tops. ‭ ‬-‭ ‬Triceratops. Among the latest to join the ranks is Bravoceratops, which was announced to the world in 2013 as a "chasmosaurine" ceratopsian closely related to Coahuilaceratops (and, of course, to the eponymous member of this breed, Chasmosaurus). In fact, according to a recent study, Torosaurus may well have been the same dinosaur as Triceratops, since the frills of ceratopsians continued to grow as they aged. Based on this feature, one paleontologist has concluded that Albertaceratops is the most "basal" (earliest, simplest) ceratopsian in the Centrosaurus lineage. Centrosaurus is represented by literally thousands of fossils, unearthed from massive "bonebeds" in Canada's Alberta province. Like other "basal" ceratopsians such as Chaoyangsaurus and Psittacosaurus, Liaoceratops was a pint-sized herbivore with a tiny, almost unnoticeable frill, and unlike later ceratopsians, it may have walked on its two hind legs. While both of the new dinosaurs came from the Kaiparowits Formation, horned dinosaurs of a different sort have been found in the national monument's 80-million-year-old Wahweap Formation. Among the most spectacular and remarkable of dinosaurs are the ceratopsians or horned dinosaurs, and in particular the mostly enormous Late Cretaceous ceratopsids. Anatomically, this dinosaur shared some characteristics with the much smaller, "basal" ceratopsians that preceded it by millions of years (the most notable example being Psittacosaurus), but it was much bigger than these early plant-eaters, full-grown adults possibly weighing as much as a ton. Triceratops is of course the most famous example, but there were plenty of other genera, some of them as spectacular as their popular relative, and often much more bizarre-looking. Two new horned dinosaurs have been named based on fossils collected from Alberta, Canada. Styracosaurus had the most rococo, gothic-looking head of any ceratopsian, an imposing potpourri of spikes, horns, frills, and unusually large nostrils. ", Horned, Frilled Dinosaur Profiles and Pictures, 10 of the World's Most Important Dinosaurs Might Not Be What You Think, The Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals of Alaska, The 19 Smallest Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals, The Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals of Utah. Ceratopsids were adapted to processing high-fiber plant material with their highly derived dental batteries. As you might expect given its evolutionary position, the massive head of Diabloceratops was ornamented in a unique way: it lacked a horn on its snout, but had a medium-sized, Centrosaurus-like frill with two sharp horns jutting up from either side. This isn't merely a matter of Titanoceratops being slightly different from Pentaceratops; what Longrich is claiming is that his new dinosaur was actually more closely related to Triceratops, and was one of the earliest "triceratopsine" ceratopsians. Chaoyangsaurus is one of the earliest ceratopsians yet known, predating the previous record-holder, Psittacosaurus, by tens of millions of years (and just about tied with its fellow Asian horned face, Yinlong). Gryphoceratops (Greek for "Griffin horned face"); pronounced GRIFF-oh-SEH-rah-tops. Such isolation can often explain unusual evolutionary variations. Coronosaurus was assigned as a species of the well-known Centrosaurus (C. brinkmani) until a reexamination of its type fossil in 2012 prompted paleontologists to assign it its own genera. Tiny, cat-sized members of the breed (like Psittacosaurus) originated over 100 million years ago in Asia, during the early to middle Cretaceous period, and grew to Triceratops-like sizes by the time they reached North America in the late Cretaceous. Discovered on the Korean peninsula, Koreaceratops has been described by some paleontologists as the world's first identified swimming dinosaur. The horned dinosaurs, a group of rhinoceros-like creatures that lived 100 to 65 million years ago, included one of the greatest and most popular dinosaurs studied today: Triceratops. This … Bagaceratops (Mongolian/Greek for "small horned face"); pronounced BAG-ah-SEH-rah-tops. When eight-year-old Christopher James Wolfe (the son of a paleontologist) happened upon the bones of Zuniceratops in New Mexico in 1996, the discovery was noteworthy for more than just Christopher's age. Unescoceratops (Greek for "UNESCO horned face"); pronounced you-NESS-coe-SEH-rah-tops, Small size; short frill; tough, horny beak. As is the case with many other dinosaurs, the naming of Xenoceratops came well after its original discovery. 10 Facts About Styracosaurus. The scattered, fragmented remains of Albalophosaurus (only a few pieces of the skull) reveal something extraordinary: a small, early Cretaceous ornithopod dinosaur "caught in the act" of evolving into one of the first basal ceratopsians. Even as some paleontologists argue that the roster of ceratopsians (horned, frilled dinosaurs) needs to be severely trimmed—on the theory that some of these dinosaurs were actually growth stages of existing dinosaurs—others have persisted in naming new genera. (Ceratopsians arose in eastern Eurasia in the early Cretaceous period, but only evolved to massive sizes once they had reached North America.) Gobiceratops (Greek for "Gobi horned face"); pronounced GO-bee-SEH-rah-tops. Its low position on the food chain also explains another strange attribute of Leptoceratops, its ability to run away on its two hind legs when threatened! Pentaceratops' real claim to fame is that it possessed one of the largest heads of the entire Mesozoic Era: a whopping 10 feet long, from the top of its frill to the tip of its nose. Brachyceratops (Greek for "short-horned face"); pronounced BRACK-ee-SEH-rah-tops. Donald E Hurlbert/Smithsonian Institution. Regaliceratops (Greek for "regal horned face"); pronounced REE-gah-lih-SEH-rah-tops, Large head with ornate, crown-shaped frill. Discovered in Canada's Alberta province in 2005, but only announced to the world in June of 2015, Regaliceratops had a huge frill unlike any other dinosaur of its breed—a round, upright, bizarrely crenelated structure. In most ways, Coahuilaceratops was a typical ceratopsian ("horned face") dinosaur of the late Cretaceous period: a slow-witted, big-headed herbivore that was the approximate size and weight of a small truck. The animal, a horned dinosaur known to experts as Centrosaurus, probably coped with declining health before its eventual death in a coastal flood that caught its herd off-guard. The name Pentaceratops ("five-horned face") is a bit of a misnomer: this ceratopsian actually had only three real horns, the other two being outgrowths of its cheekbones. Tantalizingly, the fossils of Yinlong bear some resemblance to those of Heterodontosaurus, a clue that the first ceratopsians evolved from equally small ornithopods about 160 million years ago. Over the past couple of decades, paleontologists have discovered a bewildering array of "basal" ceratopsians (horned, frilled dinosaurs) in central and eastern Asia, small, possibly bipedal herbivores that were directly ancestral to huge, lumbering beasts like Triceratops and Pentaceratops. Coronosaurus (Greek for "crown lizard"); pronounced core-OH-no-SORE-us. (By the way, for over a decade the type fossil of Aquilops was identified as Zephyrosaurus, a non-ceratopsian ornithopod, until a re-examination of the remains prompted this new assessment. In fact, it had many features in common with the small, two-legged ornithopods from which it evolved. The name Achelousaurus (pronounced with a hard "k," not like a sneeze) merits some explanation. A bewildering number of ceratopsians (horned, frilled dinosaurs) occupied North America during the late Cretaceous period, the end stage of a long evolutionary process that began a few million years earlier in eastern Asia. 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